However, if your partition is larger than around 6GB, choose ext3 as your partition type. Ext2 partitions need periodic file system integrity checking, and this can cause delays during booting when the partition is large.
In general, the partitioning situation varies from computer to computer depending on its uses. This contains in-depth information, mostly of interest to ISPs and people setting up servers. With respect to the issue of swap partition size, there are many views. One rule of thumb which works well is to use as much swap as you have system memory.
It also shouldn't be smaller than 16MB, in most cases. Of course, there are exceptions to these rules. If you are trying to solve simultaneous equations on a machine with MB of memory, you may need a gigabyte or more of swap.
That should be enough for nearly any installation. The kernel will balance swap usage between multiple swap partitions, giving better performance. Partitioning for Ubuntu. Recommended Partitioning Scheme. Device Names in Linux.Post by austin. Privacy Terms. For help, knowledge, and fellowship. Skip to content. Quick links. Disk Partitions -- Best Practice? Chat about Linux in general. Forum rules.
Re: Disk Partitions -- Best Practice? That is--your disk used the MBR scheme, right? Mint It is very personal. I always have just one partition. I hereby predict that no consensus will be reached on a "best practice". My take: just two partitions. One for root and one for swap. Root preferably on a primary partition; only on a logical one when unavoidable. Reasons: 1. Granted, it makes re-installing a bit easier, but how often do you have to re-install? In my opinion a separate swap partition is needed because a.
I think it's useful when my system can swap under extreme duress and b. I don't want the junk in the swap polluting my root partition so I don't want the swap to be a file on my root partition, like in Windows.
Tip: 10 things to do after installing Linux Mint You dont trust Linux's file input-output relatability? If your issue is solved, kindly indicate that by editing the first post in the topic, and adding [SOLVED] to the title. Neither of these worked out. I replaced the LMDE 2 with a regular dist. My guess the usual trouble -- a non supported Window call. My last effort then was to install a Win8. I had started with an HP x which my wife discarded -- and which works perfect in Linux -- but the Win8.
So,-- I went and bought a nice Samsung x monitor -- which is basically the standard monitor these days -- and the Win8. If that works I think I can live with work-arounds on the other two. Last edited by mike acker on Fri Feb 12, am, edited 2 times in total. So, let me add mine to the mess: Considerations: Is this a laptop or desktop computer? Will you want to hibernate the computer anyway?
The more installed RAM on the computer, the less the need for swap. The use to which you will be putting the computer. If you don't do these things, the need for swap is greatly reduced.For most users, a MB boot partition is sufficient. This will enable you to upgrade or reinstall Red Hat Enterprise Linux without erasing user data files. Recommended Partitioning Scheme. We recommend that you create the following partitions for x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 systems :.
A swap partition. A swap partition at least MB — Swap partitions support virtual memory: data is written to a swap partition when there is not enough RAM to store the data your system is processing. In years past, the recommended amount of swap space increased linearly with the amount of RAM in the system. Modern systems often include hundreds of gigabytes of RAM, however. As a consequence, recommended swap space is considered a function of system memory workload, not system memory. The following table provides the recommended size of a swap partition depending on the amount of RAM in your system and whether you want sufficient memory for your system to hibernate.
The recommended swap partition size is established automatically during installation. To allow for hibernation, however, you will need to edit the swap space in the custom partitioning stage. Recommendations in the table below are especially important on systems with low memory 1 GB and less. Failure to allocate sufficient swap space on these systems may cause issues such as instability or even render the installed system unbootable.
At the border between each range listed above for example, a system with 2GB, 8GB, or 64GB of system RAMdiscretion can be exercised with regard to chosen swap space and hibernation support. If your system resources allow for it, increasing the swap space may lead to better performance. Note that distributing swap space over multiple storage devices — particularly on systems with fast drives, controllers and interfaces — also improves swap space performance.
Swap space size recommendations issued for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Automatic installations of these earlier versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 still generate a swap space in line with these superseded recommendations. However, manually selecting a swap space size in line with the newer recommendations issued for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.
Wouldn't they look messy?? Actually, I have gone through Ubuntu Linux File System hierarchy and got to know that each directory has some special significance.
Thus each directory should be used for their respective purposes as recommended. So, I want to know how should I partition my HDD and what directories should I mount them to those partitions and what kind of files should I place in them. The good thing about Ubuntu is you really don't need to worry about disk partitions.
Filesystems under unixes are not messy once you understand the structure - it is actually much more straightforward than Windows, for example. It is convenient to separate these sorts of data.
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The obvious division is sorting out media files to separate partition. It is convenient to keep your home clean and small,e. Also to simplify archiving and backing up. There are other reasons for data partitioning.
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I use my ubuntu about 2 years and data fit given limits with significant reserve. None of the recommendations here mention that in a manual partitioning set up one MUST include at least 35mb IEF boot partition for the grub and other boot data to go into. I didn't know this and wonder why my 2tb hard drive would not boot up after installation.
Luckily when I went to reinstall and selected the option to "Erase and reinstall" on ubuntu You don't mention whether you're wanting dual boot with windows. Some folk have to because there are Windows programs with no current linux alternative -for instance, Dragon Dictate, an excellent speech recognition program or the Rosetta Stone line of language programs.
Why ntfs? I'll explain my preference like this: if you ensure you have ntfs-3g and ntfs-config installed then after a few moments with ntfs-config you will be able to read and write to your ntfs partition s and to external devices too, which is useful. You would be able to store data on the ntfs partition you created.
This is good because, with a little work on samba, you should be able to share that data with a networked Win machine, and vice versa. This is thanks to the open nature of linux: Windows machines can not easily 'see' linux partitions.
Please do not think I'm setting out to 'talk dirty' by mentioning Windows: I live in the real world and recognise that many linux users have no option but to use both OS.
Mostly, I use Ubuntu or Debian on my network, with an unavoidable Win machine. Ubuntu Community Ask! Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. Image by dmyhung. Partitions are divisions in the formatting of the hard disk. Think breaking a disk into two configuration parts.
Partitions are really handy because they act as a sandbox. If you have a 1 TB hard drive partitioned into a GB partition and a GB partition, what you have on the latter will not affect the other, and vice versa. You can share one of those partitions on the network and never worry about people accessing information on the other. One could have Windows installed, riddled with viruses and trojans. The other could be running a very obsolete, security-hole addled Linux installation.
Never shall the two interfere, unless either you make them or the hard drive itself physically dies. Only have one hard drive? While there are tons of file system types, there are only three kinds of partitions: primary, extended, and logical. Any given hard disk can only have a maximum of four primary partitions.
This limitation is due to something called the Master Boot Record which tells the computer which partitions it can boot from, and so primary partitions are usually reserved for operating systems. But what if we want more than four? It serves as a hollow container for any number of smaller, logical partitions. You can make as many as you like there, as well as make it home to your non-OS sections. If extended partitions are so great, why not just use them?
There are ways to get around this, but the best thing to do is to plan properly beforehand with primary partitions. In addition, the way partitions are numbered by the system depends on these types. First, the machine will number based on all primary partitions, and then by logical ones. This can cause changing drive letters if you switch between OSs or add or delete partitions later. Image by MethodDan. The way Linux works is that it puts everything onto a tree.
It only takes a minute to sign up. Is there some kind of "best disk partitioning scheme" for a Linux-based web and application developer machinein terms of performance, organization or others?
Partitioning doesn't affects performance so much, but file systems and its configuration affects perfomance yes. Look at this benchmark. Little information about mounting options - fstabespecially look at atime options.
Partitioning has nothing with organization files in Linux, because in Linux is everything mounted into one tree. For example, you have got projects and documents which are very precious, then you can have them on RAID-ed disks. To mount remote and secure directories you will probably need some script that asks you for password s. The reason to separate the partitions is to avoid a system halt due to full filesystem. No running processes are affected. Delete something, enlarge online and continue.
Now, I just have one partition for everything, and I don't come anywhere near filling it up. Personal media movies, games, shows go on an external HD, so that I can take it to a friend's house. For virtual machines, which have to be virtual appliances in virtualbox if you want to move them, I like to have a dedicated flash drive for each one.
I've never seen a HD crash, but if it did, I don't think it would matter how the physical drive was partitioned; it would just be dead. The riskiest thing I've ever done with my HD is resizing partitions, which is no longer necessary.
Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Asked 7 years, 11 months ago. Active 5 years, 2 months ago. Viewed 11k times. Disk partitioning for Linux or Windows? What kind of developer?
Programmer, web-designer, Why would being a developer affect your partitioning scheme? How do you even define "best"? Active Oldest Votes. Nils Nils For a dev-machine it is the approach which is the simplest. It divides up into system-space and dev-space. Dan Ross Dan Ross 2 2 gold badges 4 4 silver badges 11 11 bronze badges.
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Hello all, I have a question that many of you linux guru's may wish to answer. Recently I was approached by a collegue who wanted to setup a test server using RedHat 9. Now most of my work revolves around Log Servers, and webservers so I tend to work on specialized partitioning schema. So I'm posing this question to all of you for your thoughts. What do you think are the best partitioning practices for setting up a pure Linux server?
And why? What partitions do you like to include and at what size ratios? Please note these are for a server calls system.
Find More Posts by newtype. Well Every Partitionig scheme is specialized. Every one partitions the hard disk according to his or her needs and likings. Are you talking about which file systems to use? Well i know only one partitioning scheme. Make one primary partition atleast and one logical one too. IN the logical partition make other local partitions. If you need to dual boot try making another partitionnot necessary though.
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